Pediatrics is a branch of medicine which deals with the physical, mental and social health of infants, children, and adolescents. A doctor who is involved in treating the health issues of children is known as Pediatrician.
Children are different from adults anatomically, physiologically and psychologically. Thus, the children require special and sensitive care in every stage of their growth. Children from birth to the age of 13 years can be treated under paediatrics division.
The aim of pediatric medicine is to reduce the infant mortality rate and to promote a healthy lifestyle for the children to live a long disease-free life. Paediatrician diagnoses and treats several conditions like injuries, infections, organ diseases, dysfunctions, and cancer. They are involved in the prevention, early detection, and treatment of health problems in children.
Paediatricians are involved in clearly defining a child's health status and include other specialists in consulting as and when needed. Paediatricians treat the following problems in children:
There are many diseases affecting infants and children some of them are listed below:
Apart from these, various diseases suffered by children such as measles, skin infection, bronchitis, urinary tract infection, vomiting, diarrhoea and others are treated under paediatrics.
How is paediatrics different from adult medicine?
Treating a child is not like treating adults. The smaller body of an infant or a child has a considerable physiological difference from that of an adult. A paediatrician must consider the immature physiology of an infant or child before considering the symptoms, diagnosing the disease and treating the disease.
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