Breast Cancer is a disease that occurs when cells in breast tissue keep reproducing in an uncontrolled manner and become abnormal in shape and size. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in India overall accounting for 14% of all cancers newly diagnosed in the country. Among women, breast cancer is by far the most common cancer. Approximately 27.7% of all newly diagnosed cancers in a year among Indian women arise in the breast. Typically, cancer can arise from any part of the breast.
As the tumour grows, it invades surrounding healthy breast tissue and spreads to lymph nodes under the arms.
Breast cancer symptoms
Breast cancer may not cause any symptoms in its initial stages. A tumour may be too small to be felt in many cases, but on a mammogram, an abnormality can still be detected. Usually, the first sign is a new lump in the breast. But not all lumps are cancer.
The most common symptoms include:
But just because you have these symptoms doesn’t mean you certainly have breast cancer. For instance, a benign cyst can cause pain in your breast or a breast lump. Still, you should see your doctor for further examination and testing.
Histological Types of Breast Cancer
Here are some of the factors that are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
Breast Self Examination
How to do a Breast Self Examination?
Breast Self Examination is done by oneself. It should be done at least once a month. Before performing Breast Self Examination, ensure your privacy and follow the steps described below.
Expose your breasts and look in the mirror with arms on your hips. Check size, shape and colour of breasts. Compare both breasts and look for any asymmetry. Repeat the procedure with arms elevated
Look for any nipple discharge, if present note the colour and quantity.
If you notice any abnormality, don’t panic. Benign or non-cancerous breast lumps are more common than a cancerous breast lump. Consult your family physician or a specialist and seek their guidance.
As of now, there are no preventive measures for breast cancers. Regular clinical examination after the age of 40 years and use of screening mammograms helps to detect cancers in an early stage which results in better chances of cure. Women with a history of breast cancer in the family should get evaluated or presence of breast cancer-causing genes like BRCA 1, BRCA 2, p53 etc. If any such gene mutation is present, they may benefit from preventive breast surgery and more rigorous screening.
My name is Prativa Chakma, I come from Bangladesh. I came to Chennai to get treatment for cancer in my right breast.
Dr. Banupriya treated my mother for brain cancer. Before starting treatment, my mother was very concerned about side effects
My name is vivithakaran,26 years old, I am coming from Srilanka. I sustained multiple injuries in a road traffic accident
My name is Selvalakshmi, I was diagnosed with cancer in the food pipe at the age of 45 years. When I
My name is Srinivasan. My wife Jayanti was diagnosed with Stage IV breast cancer as her tumor had spread to brain.