Conditions that affect the thyroid gland and make it dysfunctional are known as thyroid diseases. The thyroid plays an important role in regulating numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. Different types of thyroid disorders affect either its function or structure.
There are specific kinds of thyroid diseases that include:
How are thyroid diseases diagnosed?
Apart from a physical exam, specialized tests are used to diagnose thyroid disorders.
To measure levels of thyroid hormones and TSH, blood tests are done. Your doctor may also order blood tests to identify antibodies against thyroid tissue.
When thyroid nodules or enlargements are present, imaging tests are commonly used. Ultrasound can often reveal cysts or calcifications.
To evaluate the function of thyroid nodules thyroid scans using radioactive iodine are often performed.
Fine needle aspiration and biopsy are techniques that remove a sample of cells or tissue from the thyroid gland for examination and diagnosis.
What is the treatment for thyroid diseases?
Thyroid disorders are usually treated by medications, but in some cases, surgery is required.
In most cases, thyroid diseases are not life-threatening and can be well managed with medical treatment. The outlook for most people with thyroid cancer is also good, but patients with thyroid cancer have a poorer prognosis if it has spread throughout the body.
Hypothyroidism cannot be controlled by eating a specific food or taking supplements. But they can make you feel better, prevent the disease and lower your stress.
Keep Up a Healthy Diet
The key to eating well is ‘balance’. A balanced diet can be helpful for thyroid patients. However, for managing thyroid disease there’s no special meal plan. Still, you can ward off the disease by following a well-balanced diet.
Choose a wide range of vegetables and fruits. Eat colorful ones like pumpkin, berries, and grapes. Choose food which is high in healthy antioxidants.
Limit food like red meat, which is loaded with saturated fat. Include more seafood, which is high in healthy omega-3 fatty acids.
My name is Prativa Chakma, I come from Bangladesh. I came to Chennai to get treatment for cancer in my right breast.
Dr. Banupriya treated my mother for brain cancer. Before starting treatment, my mother was very concerned about side effects
My name is vivithakaran,26 years old, I am coming from Srilanka. I sustained multiple injuries in a road traffic accident
My name is Selvalakshmi, I was diagnosed with cancer in the food pipe at the age of 45 years. When I
My name is Srinivasan. My wife Jayanti was diagnosed with Stage IV breast cancer as her tumor had spread to brain.